Research

Cool-season fairway species (Photo: Cale Bigelow)

Midwest cool-season fairway water requirements

January 31, 2019 By and
Fairways are some of the largest areas of irrigated golf course turf. Although regions like the Midwest, Mid-Atlantic and Northeast (where creeping bentgrass is widely used) are considered “humid,” acute drought can persist for weeks. Combine drought with water scarcity ...
Leaf spot disease symptoms (Photo: Maria Tomaso-Peterson)

Leaf spot and dollar spot on ultradwarf bermudagrass greens

Ultradwarf bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon x C. transvaalensis) is the predominant putting green turf in the southern U.S. This grass, however, produces profuse amounts of thatch, which leads to increased disease pressure from leaf spot (Figure 1), caused by Bipolaris cynodontis, ...
Visible differences in turf injury at seven days after application. (Photo: Ross Braun, Ph.D.)

Ryegrass injury and recovery from human insect repellent

Superintendents commonly observe turfgrass injury from human insect repellent (bug spray) overspray on human skin and clothing. The injury most commonly occurs as an outline shape of unaffected footprints with damaged surrounding turf. This injury results in unacceptable turf quality. ...
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Bermudagrass cover (Photos: Gregg Munshaw)

Nitrogen and sprigging rate effects on Latitude 36 bermudagrass establishment

Bermudagrass (Cynodon sp.) is widely grown throughout the southern United States for recreational and aesthetic purposes. Bermudagrass provides a heat- and drought-tolerant turfgrass that exhibits vigorous growth and good wear tolerance. Bermudagrass also is popular on golf courses because of ...
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Dark purple fairway due to Meyer zoysiagrass seedhead production (Photo: Aaron Patton)

Suppressing Meyer zoysiagrass seedheads

Zoysiagrass (Zoysia spp.) is on about 25,000 acres of golf course turf in the United States. It provides golfers with an excellent ball lie when used in fairways, and its wear and divot tolerance, low nutritional requirement and tolerance to ...
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Sand-capped fairway (Photo: Bert McCarty, Ph.D.)

Sand-capping depth based on moisture retention curves

November 12, 2018 By and
Sand capping is done on golf course fairways and sports fields that drain poorly in an attempt to allow play to resume quickly after rainfall. Sand capping involves applying a relatively thick layer of sand to the top of an ...
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