Your behavior appears to be a little unusual. Please verify that you are not a bot.

Going bunkers: 4 courses with bunker success stories

Spray away

How Presidio GC in San Francisco undertook a bunker renovation piece by piece

By Sarah Webb | Golfdom Managing Editor

About 10 years ago, Presidio GC in San Francisco underwent a rehabilitation
project, in part, because its 64 bunkers were in dire need of a facelift.

Klingstone bunker liner can be applied in-house using a hose. (Photo: Klingstone)

Klingstone bunker liner can be applied in-house using a hose. (Photo: Klingstone)

“They were old, some of the fabric liners were coming up and a lot of them didn’t have liners, so the sand was contaminated and became like concrete,” says Brian Nettz, who has been superintendent at Presidio Golf Course for the past 18 years. “The rehabilitation included changing the location, shape and size of the bunkers to give the course a different feel.”

After researching the options, Nettz settled on Klingstone. The reasoning was fourfold: In-house staff could install the bunkers; heavy equipment was not required; the installation could be done incrementally over the course of several years; and maintenance over time is minimal due to the lack of liners.

“Everything just pointed toward Klingstone,” Nettz says.

Little by little proved to be the tactic for Presidio, as the bunker renovation took place over the span of eight years.

“We didn’t want to devote a huge chunk of money to tearing everything up at once because there’s a corresponding revenue drop that we didn’t want to bear,” Nettz says. “We do 66,000 rounds a year, so the hit on our bottom line would’ve been significant.”

To install the bunkers, crews rough graded them to get the desired shape and undulation. They then cut the drainage inside the bunkers and tied it to the outlets. After the soil dried, they sprayed on the Klingstone.

“We put a couple barrels of Klingstone in the back of a utility cart, and our guy wore a Tyvek suit and some boots and basically spray painted the inside of the bunker with the Klingstone,” Nettz says.

After setting for about an hour, the product hardened up, and crews put the drainage in. Nettz says Presidio also sprayed the drains in order to achieve a complete seal throughout the bunker.

Presidio used Turf Drain, a flat all-fabric pipe, and then backfilled the entire bunker with sand the next day. “There’s no gravel to worry about in any of the bunkers,” Nettz adds. Klingstone fully cures within 24 hours or less, according to John Ammons, vice president for Klingstone.

“You put down a gallon a minute, which is 20 square feet of coverage, so you can move along at a good clip,” Ammons says. “Immediately after finishing, you can cover it with sand and move along. By that time the next day, it’s fully cured and playable.”

For other courses looking into installing Klingstone bunkers, Nettz recommends crews keep two pumps on hand.

“You may be in the middle of spraying a bunker when one of the pumps goes out on you,” Nettz says. “You can’t stop Klingstone from curing; it’s kind of like pouring concrete — once you start, you have to see it through to the very end.”

Ammons adds that weather can be another factor to consider when using Klingstone’s product. “It can’t be applied to frozen ground. The temperature should be 50 degrees and rising,” Ammons says. “High winds can also be a challenge because you’re spraying it.”

The oldest Klingstone bunkers on Presidio are 10 to 11 years old, and maintenance is minimal to nonexistent, Nettz says.

What’s more, Nettz says, the golfers love the challenge the new bunkers pose.

“We have fine fescue on our fingers that we don’t maintain, but the look is a lot more fitting for the era this golf course was originally built (1895), and it’s less maintenance for us because we don’t have to worry about mowing bunker fingers.”

This article is tagged with , and posted in Featured, From the Magazine, Maintenance

About the Author: Christina Herrick

Christina Herrick is the former editor of Golfdom magazine.

About the Author: Sarah Webb

Sarah Webb is Golfdom's former managing editor. She holds a bachelor’s degree from Wittenberg University, where she studied journalism and Spanish. Prior to her role at Golfdom, Sarah was an intern for Cleveland Magazine and a writing tutor.

About the Author: Seth Jones

Seth Jones, a 18-year veteran of the golf industry media, is Editor-in-Chief of Golfdom magazine and Athletic Turf. A graduate of the University of Kansas School of Journalism and Mass Communications, Jones began working for Golf Course Management in 1999 as an intern. In his professional career he has won numerous awards, including a Turf and Ornamental Communicators Association (TOCA) first place general feature writing award for his profile of World Golf Hall of Famer Greg Norman and a TOCA first place photography award for his work covering the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. In his career, Jones has accumulated an impressive list of interviews, including such names as George H.W. Bush, Samuel L. Jackson, Lance Armstrong and Charles Barkley. Jones has also done in-depth interviews with such golfing luminaries as Norman, Gary Player, Nick Price and Lorena Ochoa, to name only a few. Jones is a member of both the Golf Writers Association of America and the Turf and Ornamental Communicators Association. Jones can be reached at

Post a Comment